Introduction in Amritsar
Amritsar, historically also referred to as Ramdaspur and colloquially as Ambarsar, may be a historic and therefore the second largest city within the Indian state of Punjab. the town is that the administrative headquarters of the Amritsar district and is found within the Majha region of Punjab.
History of Amritsar.
Amritsar was founded by Sri Guru Ramdass ji, the fourth guru of the Sikhs in about 1574 A.D. Before the city was founded, the area was covered with thick forests and had several lakes. To start the city the Guru invited 52 traders from different sectors belongings to nearby places like Patti and Kasur to settle here. These families started the first 32 shops in the city which still stand in the street called Batisi Hatta (32 shops). The Guru himself shifted to live among them in the city which came to be called Ramdaspur and has been eulogised in the Guru Granth Sahib.
The construction of Amrit Sarovar from which the city gets its present name was also stared by Sri Guru Ramdass. His successor, Sri Guru Arjan Dev, completed the project and located the Harmandir Sahib in its midst. Later, when Guru Arjan Dev completed the writing of Holy Granth sahib, a copy of Guru Granth Sahib was ceremonially installed in Harmandir Sahib. Baba Buddha Sahib was appointed the First Granthi.
Places to Visit in Amritsar:
1.The Golden Temple:- Amritsar, the Golden Temple is certainly its main center of attraction. inbuilt the 16th century, the shrine is an party of worship for people belonging to all or any walks of life and non secular affiliation. it’s also referred to as Sri Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib and is one among the foremost visited tourist places in India. The shrine exhibits a spectacular architecture, which may be a unique blend of Hindu and Islamic artistic styles. Adorning the inner walls of the temple are semi-precious stones, Meenakari work, and glasswork that are a treat to your eyes. The tranquil water body surrounding the temple enhances its beauty. With its golden sheen and harmonious aura, the shrine stands because the perfect picture of serenity and eternal bliss. Guru Adi Granth , the sacred religious book of the Sikhs, is kept inside this Gurdwara during the day and brought to the Akal Takht in the dark . A key highlight of the shrine is that the Langar – a free vegetarian meal offered to every and each visitor. confirm to hide your head once you enter the shrine, as is that the compulsory custom of this religious site.
2. Wagah Border:- At a distance of 30 km from Amritsar Junction, Wagah Border is that the only road border between India and Pakistan. The border lies on the Grand highroad between the cities of Amritsar, India and Lahore, Pakistan. Also referred to as ‘Berlin Wall of China’, Wagah Border is that the only open border which is officially accessible by both the nations and also one among the highest places to go to in Amritsar. The border features a huge arch named ‘Swarn Jayanti Dwar’, and gates of both the countries. Also referred to as Attari, Wagah is especially known for its ‘Beating Retreat Ceremony’. The Beating Retreat Ceremony was started in 1959 and it had been agreed by the govt of both the countries. it’s a logo of the rivalry between the 2 countries. The flag ceremony is conducted by the Indian Border private security force and Pakistan Rangers. Women guards of BSF have also been a neighborhood of this ceremony from July 2011. Almost 5,000 people visit the border to ascertain the ceremony with great patriotism.
3.Jallianwala Bagh:- Tucked behind the Golden Temple, tourists will find another important site in Amritsar: Jallianwala Bagh. the general public garden memorializes the estimated 1,500 people that were killed or injured when British soldiers were ordered to fireside on peaceful protesters who were demanding the discharge of imprisoned leaders of the Indian Independence Movement in 1919. you’ll still see bullet holes within the walls that many victims hid behind in plan to dodge the gunfire. The memorial site’s Martyrs’ Gallery displays the portraits of important figures of Indian independence. you’ll also inspect a humbling exhibition on the victims and see endless flame.
4. Gobindgarh Fort:- Located within the heart of Amritsar, Gobindgarh Fort is one among the foremost historic tourist attractions in Amritsar. The fort was under the control of the Indian Army and was just for their usage until 2017 when it had been hospitable public viewing. Gobindgarh Fort is being developed as a live museum and gallery . The place are going to be home to a number of the oldest documents and art of Sikhism. Also, Gobindgarh Fort houses the famous Zamzama Cannons.
5.Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum:- At a distance of 1.5 km from Amritsar Junction and 4 km from Amritsar Golden Temple, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum may be a popular museum situated within the middle of a gorgeous Ram Bagh Garden in Amritsar, Punjab. it’s one among the simplest museums in Punjab and also one among the highest tourist attractions in Amritsar. Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum was originally the summer palace of first king of Sikh Empire, Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Later, it had been converted in to museum in 1977 CE. it’s a storehouse of the history, art and architecture of the Sikhs of the 18th and therefore the 19th century AD. The museum offers insights into the lifetime of the Sikh monarch Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The Museum displays objects connecting to Maharaja Ranjit Singh like arms and armour, outstanding paintings and centuries old coins and manuscripts. The paintings displayed within the galleries of the museum showcase the court and camp of the king.
7. Shri Durgiana Mandir:- Durgiana Mandir, a crucial religious pilgrimage of The Hindus is within the Northern India. it’s situated in Holy Amritsar City of Punjab. it’s a couple of yards faraway from railroad station & about 1.5 km. from the Bus Stand. This city of Amritsar is pious, because it was visited by Lord Rama, Maryada Parshotam at the time of Ashavmegh Yagh. Lov & Kush spent their childhood alongwith their mother Mata Sita at the Ashram of Maharishi Balmiki at Ram Tirath King Ishvaku Grandson of Surya Devta performed variety of Yagyas on this land. the thought to built Shree Durgiana Mandir because it stands today was the brain child of Gur Shai Mal Kapoor, an excellent visionary and non secular minded person. His statue in monumental alabaster during a sitting posture has been established just opposite the most entrance or Darshani Deori. the inspiration stone of the temple was laid down by Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya in 1924 on Ganga Dashmi day . Reaching bent society/ Extension services Service to humanity being the corner stone of Hindu faith, Shree Durgiana Committee (Regd) runs the subsequent service units to increase help & succor to the needy and therefore the deserving
8. Mata Lal Devi Temple:- A sacred Hindu temple, Mata Lal Devi Mandir is a unique place of worship that is quite popular among Hindu devotees. The temple is dedicated to a 20th-century female saint known as Mata Lal Devi. Unlike other temples, this place boasts of colorful mirrored hallways, ankle-deep waterways, twisted pathways, tunnels, and even a cave. An interesting feature of the temple is that it houses numerous Hindu deities and features a number of grottoes and shrines. It is believed that the temple is full of miraculous powers and any woman who prays for children at this temple is granted the wish. Visit this place to experience the exceptional ambiance and beauty of this temple which you may not find in any other temple in India or elsewhere.
9. Khairuddin Mosque:- At a distance of 1.5 km from Amritsar Junction and 1.5 km from Amritsar Golden Temple, Khairuddin Masjid is situated within the Hall Bazar of Amritsar. it’s one among the foremost admired religious centres in Amritsar for both locals also as tourists. Khairuddin Masjid, also referred to as Jama Masjid, may be a beautiful mosque built by Muhammad Khairuddin in 1876 CE. The mosque holds great importance in India’s freedom struggle. it had been from this mosque that Tootie-e-Hind, Shah Attaullah Bukhari, called upon the people to wage war against British rulers. Renowned for its architectural beauty, the Jama Masjid reflects traditional Islamic architecture with beautiful calligraphy adorning its walls. The mosque is made of white marble and is decorated with miniature green color paintings. The place looks magical beneath the blue skies. The Masjid is frequented by a sizeable patronage for the daily namaz.
10. Hall Bazaar, Amritsar:- A trip to Amritsar can never be considered complete without a visit to Hall Bazaar, one among the long-lasting marketplaces of the town . A shopper’s paradise, this ancient bazaar is that the hub of the many things, including gadgets, trendy accessories, phulkari embroidery work, bangles, local handicrafts, traditional garments, Chinese lamps, and even essential items of daily use. But the marketplace is especially famous for fancy and colorful jootis. The Mughal-style entry gate of the bazaar, referred to as Gandhi Gate, is another attraction of the place. Walking and shopping within the narrow lanes of the market that gives a sensory overdose of vibrant sights and sounds are often an experience in itself. don’t forget to gather a couple of souvenirs from the market as memorabilia of your Amritsar trip. Also, get a taste of the famous delicacies of the region at one among the age-old eateries within the area.
How can I go to Amritsar?
By air:- Sri Guru Ram Das Ji International Airport, 10 km faraway from Amritsar, is well linked with the remainder of country and therefore the world by an intricate network of flights. There are regular flight services being offered by the main carriers for major Indian cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore and Srinagar. Besides, Air India Express, Uzbekistan Airways and Qatar Airways operate flights for Doha, Tashkent and Dubai.
By Train:- Amritsar railway station is well linked to all the important cities in Punjab along with other Indian cities and towns. There are frequent trains for Amritsar from Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Agra, Chandigarh and Kolkata, among others. It takes only 6 to 7 hours to reach Amritsar from Delhi. From outside the railway station, travellers can take auto rickshaws or taxis to reach anywhere in the city.
By road:- One of the foremost convenient and pocket-friendly ways of travelling to Amritsar is by road. There are several state also as private run buses operating from Delhi (460 km), Dharamsala (186 km), Dalhousie (176 km), Jammu (200 km) and Shimla (315 km). The G.T Road links Delhi and Amritsar.