Introduction of Srinagar
Srinagar the capital of Jammu and Kashmir during Summer. it’s located in Kashmir Valley on the banks of river Jhelum which may be a tributary of the Indus. This beautiful city is popular its houseboats, lakes and gardens. The dry fruits and traditional Kashmiri handicrafts also are quite popular in Srinagar. Srinagar Tourist Places
History of Srinagar
Srinagar was ruled by the Mauryan empire till round the 14th century and it had been emperor Ashoka, who had introduced Buddhism to the valley of Kashmir. The Kushans believed to possess controlled this region during the primary century who ruled over this place from their stronghold at Pakistan and Afghanistan. Even King Vikramaditya from Ujjain, ruled over this place before transferring the reigns of control to a nomaid tribe named Huns during the 6th century. one among the foremost terrified rulers of the town was Mihirkula who belonged to the present tribe.
After the 14th century, the town came under the Mughal rule and was ruled by the Muslim Kings. This city was made the capital during the rule of Yusuf Shah Chak who was then tricked to death by Akbar who found out his dominion on the town post the autumn of Yusuf Shah Chak. it had been within the year 1707 that the Mughal dominion came to en end with the death of their last King, Aurangzeb then Srinagar came under the reign of the Durrani Empire. This empire was the leader of the Pasthun tribe and that they ruled on Srinagar for multiple decades. it had been in 1814 that the rule of Sikhs was established and Maharaja Ranjit Singh ruled over Kashmir. it had been ruled by the Sikhs till British Raj came into India. Till the year 1947 Srinagar was considered as a princely state within the British India. Srinagar Tourist Places
Srinagar Tourist Places
1.Dal Lake:- The Jewel of Srinagar, the Dal Lake is synonymous to a visit to Srinagar and is nearly a visible definition of the town. cover 15 kms, it’s the second-largest lake in Jammu & Kashmir. The mirror-like Dal Lake reflects the snow-dusted peaks of the Pir Panjal mountains while the colorful shikaras (gondolas) float around. The houseboats and shikaras are its main attractions. The Dal Lake of Srinagar is additionally popular for the floating market (known as Raad) where vendors have their own Shikaras and aren’t shy of approaching tourists with their loveliest handicrafts, saffron, edibles and even ice-creams in tow. skating during winter on the frozen Dal Lake also attracts many tourists.
2. Shalimar Bagh Mughal Garden:- Forming the most important garden of the three breathtaking Mughal Gardens, the amazingly laid out Shalimar Bagh makes for one among the foremost sublime places to ascertain in Srinagar. consistent with history, this stunning garden was constructed by Jahangir back within the year 1619 for his beautiful wife Noor Jahan. Srinagar Tourist Places
Manifesting the extraordinary craftsmanship of the Mughal horticulturists, this garden overlooks the mesmerizing Dal Lake and showcases a surreal architecture. Shalimar Bagh presents an exquisite amalgamation of artificial structures and natural marvels. the entire premise of the garden has been beautifully carpeted with green grass. The garden has umpteen sorts of colorful flowers also as tall trees of walnuts and almonds
3. Hari Parbat Fort:- Hari Parbat is additionally referred to as Kooh-e-Maran lies on the west of Dal Lake in Srinagar, within the UT of Jammu & Kashmir. This Mughal structure was built by an Afghan Governor Atta Mohammed Khan in 18th century. Later an extended wall was constructed in 1590 by Emperor Akbar. Surrounded by commendable structures from all religions, this fort sits at the highest giving a spectacular view of Dal Lake. This fort is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and still stands impressive with old apartments and tall pillars. Hari Parbat provides a top view of Makhdoom Sahib shrine.
4. Jamia Masjid:- With the hushed interiors that are an understatement to the encompassing busyness of the bustling markets outside the premises of the mosque, Jamia Masjid is one among the holiest Islamic shrines of the country. Intricately carved wooden pillars count to 370, the mosque reflects Indo-Saracenic architecture. Elegantly standing tall amid the accurate square garden the mosque is of unmatchable altogether forms. Jamia Masjid was built by Sultan Sikandar Shah Kashmiri Shahmiri in 1394, under the orders of Mir Mohammad Hamadani, who was the son of Said-ul-Auliya Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani. Sultan Sikandar’s son, Zain-ul-Abidin, later on, extended the Jama Masjid by including turret within the primary structure. The sort of architecture of the Jamia Masjid is inspired by the Indo-Saracenic style of architecture, and also bears similarities to Buddhist pagodas.
5. Pari Mahal:- Pari Mahal or The Angels’ Abode may be a seven terraced garden located at the highest of Zabarwan range over-looking city of Srinagar and south-west of Dal Lake The architecture depicts an example of Islamic architecture and patronage of art during the reign of the then Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan .
The Pari Mahal was built by Mughal Prince Dara Shikoh within the mid-1600s. It served as a library and an abode for him. Dara Shikoh was said to possess lived during this area within the years 1640, 1645, and 1654. it had been further used as an observatory, useful for teaching astrology and astronomy.
It is five-minute drive from Cheshmashahi Garden.
6. Char Chinar:- Char chinar which is additionally documented by the names like Char Chinari, Ropa Lank or Rupa Lank is situated within the Dal lake. This group of Island consists of three individual islands. Two of them have beautiful Chinar trees. This island is marked by the presence of 4 Chinar trees which are situated at each of the four corners of this island.
It is said that brother of Aurangazeb constructed the Rupa Lank, the second island is found within the Lokut Dal and features a shrine of Hazratbal. Talking about chinar trees, these trees belong to the eastern Himalayas and are long-living trees. The tourists generally visit this island with the assistance of the colorful Shikaras in Dal Lake.
7. Shalimar Garden:- Shalimar Bagh may be a Mughal garden in Srinagar, linked through a channel to the northeast of Dal Lake, on its Right Bank located on the outskirts of Srinagar city in Jammu and Kashmir, India. Its other names are Shalimar Garden, Shalimar Bagh, Farah Baksh and Faiz Baksh, and therefore the other famous shore line garden within the vicinity is Nishat Bagh. The Bagh was built by Mughal Emperor Jahangir for his wife Noor Jahan, in 1619. The Bagh is taken into account the part of Mughal horticulture. it’s now a public park. this point it’s also called as crown of Srinagar.
8. Hazratbal Shrine:- Counted among the foremost sacred Islamic tourist places in Srinagar, the Hazratbal Shrine lies on the peaceful banks of Dal Lake. The name of the shrine is taken from the Kashmiri terms, “Hazrat” meaning “Sacred” and “Bal” meaning “Place”. the main attraction of this majestic shrine may be a unique relic called Moi-e-Muqaddas that’s basically a holy hair from the beard of Prophet Muhammad. The hair is well-preserved inside the structure and is presented before the devotees only on special islamic occasions. consistent with history, the Hazratbal Shrine was built by Sadiq Khan as a singular pleasure house. within the later period, the place was used for offering prayers and was eventually became a shrine. Today, this marble structure is mentioned by many various names like Dargah Sharif, Assar-e-Sharief, and Madinat-us-Sani.
Famous food in Srinagar
- Rogan Josh.
- Modur Pulav
- Shab Daig
- Nader ti Gaad
How to reach in Srinagar?
By Air:- Srinagar international airport the closest international airport.Taxis and personal vehicles are available from the airport to succeed in the town.
By Train:- Jammu Tawi is that the closest railhead. Taxi services are available outside the railroad station to succeed in the town.
By Road:- Private and public buses are available from Srinagar to Rishikesh, Haridwar, Dehradun and Kotdwar