visit in Agra for Couples
Agra is a city located on the banks of the Yamuna River in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is 204 kilometers (128 mi) south of the national capital, New Delhi. According to the 2011 census of India, Agra is the fourth most populous city of Uttar Pradesh and the 23rd most populous city in India, with a population of 15,85,804. Agra is a major tourist destination due to its many Mughal buildings, especially for the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri, which are all UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Agra is included in the Golden Triangle Tourist Circuit along with Delhi and Jaipur; And along with Lucknow and Varanasi it is part of the Uttar Pradesh Heritage Arc, a tourist circuit in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Culturally, Agra is located in the Braj region.
History of Agra.
In a 16th century account, before the time of Sikandar Lodi (14-1514), Agra was called as an old settlement, which was merely a village due to its destruction by Mahmud Ghaznavi. The 11th century Persian poet Masood Salman mentions Ghaznavi’s invasion of the Agra Fort, which was then under the rule of King Jaipal. Despite Jaipal’s surrender, Mahmud looted the fort. In 1507 Sikandar Lodi shifted his capital from Delhi to Agra. Several palaces, wells and a mosque were built in the fort during his time. After the defeat in the first war of Panipat in 1524, it came under the Mughal rule. Between 1580 and 1557, Sher Shah Suri ruled the region. It was the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1557 to 14. Agra was later ruled by Marathas, after whom it came under the British Raj.
Top Attractive Places in Agra
1 Taj Mahal:- Taj Mahal is found on the banks of River Yamuna in Agra. it had been built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as a memorial for his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It also houses the tomb of Shah Jahan himself. Constructed entirely out of white marble within the 17th century, Taj Mahal is one among the foremost beautiful monuments within the world. per annum visitors numbering quite the whole population of Agra undergo the magnificent gates to catch a glimpse of this breathtaking monument!
2. Agra Fort:- Within a stone’s throw of the Taj Mahal , the 16th-century Agra Fort is another testament to the immense wealth and power of the Mughal Empire. Recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983, the Agra Fort was initially built by Akbar in 1565 on an equivalent site as a previous fort on the banks of the Yamuna River. A succession of a half-dozen other emperors, including Humayun and Shah Jahan , has lived within the red sandstone walls.
While called a fort, the structures enclosed within 1.6 miles (2.5 km) of thick sandstone walls are more like a posh of exquisite palaces. Evidence of Shah Jahan’s time spent within the fort are often seen within the white marble structures he erected during his reign, and consistent with legend, he drew his last breaths on a marble balcony overlooking the Taj Mahal , the monument he built for his late wife.
3. Itimad-ud-Daulah’s Tomb:- Often mentioned because the “Baby Taj Mahal”, the tomb of Itimad-ud-daulah may be a Mughal mausoleum and sometimes considered a replica of the Taj Mahal . this is often the primary tomb in India made entirely of marble. The tomb was commissioned by Nur Jahan, the wife of Jahangir, for her father Mir Gheyas Beg (later referred to as Itimad-ud-daulah), who was a minister within the court of Shah Jahan .The tomb of Itimad-ud-daulah marks the transition from the primary phase of the Mughal architecture to the second. This was the primary structure to form use of pietra dura and therefore the first to be built on the banks of the Yamuna River. It basically consists of Indo-Islamic architecture, with the utilization of arched entrances and octagonal shaped towers.
4. Fatehpur Sikri:- Buland Darwaza, at the doorway to Jama Masjid (mosque), is claimed to be the tallest gateway within the world. Behind this extraordinary carved gate is that the white marble tomb of Sufi saint Salim Chishti.
To the proper is that the palace complex and its Jodha Bhai gate — one among the 2 entry gates. the most gate, Diwan-e-Am, is further along. There’s also a free Archaeological Museum near it that’s open daily from 9.00 am to 5.00 p.m. except Fridays (closed).
The palace’s architecture is an exquisite blend of Isamic and Hindu influences. The residence of Akbar’s principal wife, Jodha Bai, is that the most elaborate structure within the complex.
5. Akbar’s Mausoleum:- This outstanding sandstone and marble tomb commemorates the best of the Mughal emperors. the large courtyard is entered through a shocking gateway decorated with three-storey minarets at each corner and built of red sandstone strikingly inlaid with white-, yellow- and blue-marble geometric and floral patterns. the inside vestibule of the tomb is stunningly decorated with painted alabaster, creating a contrast to the plain inner tomb. the weird upper pavillions are closed. search for deer within the surrounding gardens.
The mausoleum is at Sikandra, 10km northwest of Agra Fort.
6. Gurudwara Guru ka Tal:- Guru ka Tal is one among the foremost important pilgrimage destinations for the Sikhs. it’s located in close proximity to Sikandra (famous for Akbars tomb) and is related to a crucial episode within the history of Sikhism. This gurudwara was inbuilt the memory of Guru Teg Bahadur Ji and is visited by lakhs of devotees per annum to pay respects and seek blessings.
The spot where the gurudwara stands today is that the place where the ninth Guru, Teg Bahadur Ji, offered himself up for arrest to Aurangzeb, the Mughal emperor of India. The structure dates back to the 17th century and is originally believed to possess been a water reservoir (hence the name taal).
7. Agra Bear Rescue Center:- The Agra Bear Rescue Facility is that the largest Melursus ursinus Rescue Facility within the world. Established in 1999 by Wildlife SOS together with the Uttar Pradesh Forest Department, it currently houses approx. 200 sloth bears also as many other species of wildlife in large forested enclosures with ponds and shady trees. In Agra each rescued bear undergoes a 90-day quarantine period during which he or she is given an entire health checkup and treated for any diseases, wounds and parasites. The bear is vaccinated against Rabies, Leptospirosis and infectious canine hepatitis. After the quarantine period, the bears have access to large socialization enclosures where the behavior & personality of every bear is closely monitored by the Wildlife SOS vets & staff. The enclosures ensure bears interact with one another . supported each bear’s personality, he/she is matched to a gaggle then moved to a bigger free-range area.
famous food in Agra
- Tandoori Chicken.
- Paneer Tikka.
How to reach Agra
By Air:- Agra is well-connected with all the main cities in India like Delhi, Lucknow, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Chennai and Cochin. the most airline company connecting these cities to Agra is Air India. there’s no international airport in Agra, so tourists traveling to the present city from abroad are advised to go to any of the main cities in India like Delhi or Mumbai and catch a flight to Agra from there.
By Train:- As Agra is found within the middle of main the subsequent train lines: Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi-Chennai, it’s quite easy to succeed in here by train from anywhere. Cities like Delhi, Jaipur, Gwalior, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai are well-connected to Agra with regular trains.
By Road:- Agra is well connected by state and roadways buses to many cities and towns like Delhi, Gwalior, Kanpur, Lucknow and Jaipur. There are basically two prime bus terminals in Agra, namely Idgah Bus Stand and ISBT and buses here are available for all major destinations. Those driving from Delhi to Agra can take NH 2 route while those travelling from Jaipur can take NH 11 road.