Introduction of Delhi
Delhi is the capital city of India and is regarded as the heart of the nation. The city hosts some famous historical monuments and is developing with the passing of time. The influence of religious diversity can be seen in the city along with the cultural impact of the Mughal, the ancient Indian and the British. Beautiful Places in Delhi
History of Delhi.
In 1192 the legions of the Afghan warrior Muhammad of Ghori captured the Rajput town, and the Delhi Sultanate was established (1206). The invasion of Delhi by Timur in 1398 put an end to the sultanate; the Lodis, last of the Delhi sultans, gave way to Babur, who, after the battle of Panipat in 1526, founded the Mughal Empire. The early Mughal emperors favoured Agra as their capital, and Delhi became their permanent seat only after Shah Jahan built (1638) the walls of Old Delhi.
From Hindu Kings to Muslim Sultans, the reins of the city kept shifting from one ruler to another. The soils of the city smell of blood, sacrifices and love for the nation. The old ‘Havelis’ and edifices from the past stand silent but their silence also speaks volumes for their owners and people who lived here centuries back.
In the year 1803 AD, the city came under the British rule. In 1911, British shifted their capital from Calcutta to Delhi. It again became the center of all the governing activities. But, the city has the reputation of over throwing the occupants of its throne. It included the British and the current political parties that have had the honour of leading free India.
Places to visit in Delhi-NCR
1.Akshardham Temple:- Akshardham Temple may be a spiritual complex nestled in New Delhi and may be a popular Hindu temple of Delhi. This marvelous temple was constructed within the year 2005 at Noida Mor region of latest Delhi and is referred as Akshardham Temple of Swaminarayam Akshardham. The term Akshardham is that the combination of two words ‘Akshar’ means ‘eternal’ and ‘Dham’ means ‘abode’. On an entire it actually means the abode of eternal values, virtues and principles which are mentioned in Vedas and Puranas of Hindu mythology. aside from all this, the complex of Akshardham Temple in Delhi displays numerous traditional aspects, beautiful architecture, Indian culture and spirituality. within the centre the most complex is made on the principles of Vastu Shastra and Pancharatra Shashtra which is named as Akshardham Mandir. Akshardham Temple of Delhi is one among the prime attractions in Delhi where one can witness exclusive architectural charm with quite 234 beautifully carved pillars, 9 elaborate domes, 20 quadrangle spires and 20000 sculptures of spiritual personalities from India. it’s one among the main attractions for history buffs and art lovers together can here easily enjoy intricate art and flawless craftsmanship. Moreover, the entire temple is build using Italian Carrara marble and pink sandstone. So, when are you planning your visit to the present popular temple of Delhi?
2. Red Fort:-Red Fort can be visited on all days except Mondays. The Red Fort timings are 9.30 am to 4.30 pm. The best time to visit is during October to February as this is when Delhi can be toured in its best form. You can come here post 6 in the evening for the light and sound show available in two languages: English and Hindi. The visiting hours for Red Fort for the light and sound show vary according to months and the language chosen. Check for the timings before you plan to go for the same.
Red Fort ticket price for Indians is Rs 35 and for foreigners it is Rs 500. The Red Fort entry ticket for the Light and Sound show is Rs 60 for adults and Rs 20 for children. The weekend ticket rate will cost you Rs 80 for adults and Rs 30 for kids.
3. India Gate:- India Gate, an important monument of the city, is a memorial built in commemoration of more than 80,000 Indian soldiers who were killed during World War I. The monument is an imposing 42 meters high arch and was designed by the famous architect Edwin Lutyens. India gate was earlier named All India War Memorial. Dedicated to 82,000 Indian and British soldiers who died during the First World War and the Third Anglo-Afghan War, this monument has the names of 13,300 servicemen inscribed on its surface. The premises of India Gate also houses the Amar Jawan Jyoti, which is a kindled structure right underneath the archway. Owing to its rich historical background and astonishing architecture, India Gate has become one of the most popular picnic spots in the city.
4. Qutub Minar:- Qutab Minar may be a soaring, 73 m-high tower of victory, inbuilt 1193 by Qutab-ud-din Aibak immediately after the defeat of Delhi’s last Hindu kingdom. The tower has five distinct storeys, each marked by a projecting balcony and tapers from a 15 m diameter at the bottom to only 2.5 m at the highest . the primary three storeys are made from red sandstone; the fourth and fifth storeys are of marble and sandstone. At the foot of the tower is that the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, the primary mosque to be inbuilt India. An inscription over its eastern gate provocatively informs that it had been built with material obtained from demolishing ’27 Hindu temples’. A 7 m-high iron pillar stands within the courtyard of the mosque. it’s said that if you’ll encircle it together with your |along with your”> together with your hands while standing with your back thereto your wish are going to be fulfilled.
5.Lotus Temple:- Located within the capital city of latest Delhi, the Lotus Temple may be a beautiful structure established and dedicated to the Baha’i faith. The magnificent structure of the building is made within the sort of a shocking white petal lotus flower. It also ranks amongst the foremost visited buildings within the entire world. The shrine, which was completed and prepared to open for the general public in 1986, was designed and conceptualized by Fariborz Sahba, an Iranian architect. one among the foremost attractive things about the Lotus Temple, aside from its structure, is that the incontrovertible fact that this temple propagates the oneness of God, the Almighty. Furthermore, it’s hospitable all types of individuals , no matter their religion, gender, race or maybe nationality.
6.Humayun’s Tomb:- As the name suggests, Humayun’s tomb is that the final resting place of the Mughal Emperor Humayun. Located within the Nizamuddin East area of Delhi, it’s the primary garden-tomb within the Indian subcontinent. This splendid piece of architecture was commissioned for construction by Humayun’s chief consort Empress Bega Begum within the year 1569-70 and is one among the only a few structures that used red sandstone on such a huge scale at that point . the planning of Humayun’s tomb may be a typical Mughal architecture with Persian influences and was conceptualised by Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyath. due to its magnificent design and illustrious history, Humayun’s Tomb was featured in UNESCO’s World Heritage List within the year 1993
7. Agrasen ki Baoli:- Located within the narrow lane of Hailey road, Agrasen Ki Baoli may be a renowned monument that’s visited by tourists from all parts of the country. it’s maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India and one could be conversant in its haunted stories. it’s undoubtedly a requirement visit spot and permanently enough reasons. Know more about this place during this article. Delhi, especially the Janpath Market which is extremely on the brink of the Agrasen ki Baoli is legendary for its street shopping. you’ll find the place crammed with people all trying to bargain and obtain their hands on amazing items. Clothes, bags, shoes, jewellery- you’ll catch on all. If you’re a foodie and love tasting authentic cuisines, shop around the nearby area. There are famous street shops that provide all kinds of items.
8. Delhi Zoo:- The National Zoological Park, originally called as Delhi Zoo may be a 176 acre zoo situated near the Old Fort in New Delhi . it had been inaugurated on 1st November 1956 with the vision of becoming a model for other zoos in India. The zoo is home to about 1350 animals comprising almost 130 species of animals and birds from round the world. Here, the animals are provided the type of environment which is on the brink of their natural habitat.
Various quite animals like leopard, giraffe, Gir lion, chimpanzees, hyenas, hippopotamus, African Wild Buffalo and zebras are often seen within the zoo. Also, the zoo has an underground reptile house which is home to reptiles just like the Marsh Crocodile, Gharial, Indian cobra , Indian Star Tortoise and therefore the Indian Sand Boa. The zoo also has numerous species of birds like Emu, Sarus Crane, Peafowl, Grey Hornbill and therefore the Tyto alba .
9. Jantar Mantar:- Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory situated in the heart of the capital city of India – Delhi. This is a phenomenal marvel of architectural brilliance whose shape represents a big sundial. Since its construction, this observatory has seemingly contributed to the study of both time and space. Maharaja Jai Singh laid the foundation stone for constructing this magnificent structure in the year 1724. Likewise, today, we have four more observatories situated in the cities of Varanasi, Jaipur, Mathura, and Ujjain.
10. Gurudwara Bangla Sahib:- The complex of Gurudwara Bangla Sahib has a main prayer hall, a holy Sarovar or lake, higher secondary school, a hospital, Baba Baghel Singh Museum and a library within its premises. People visiting here get ‘Kada Prasad’ and free langar or ‘community meals’ are served at a particular time. Head needs to be covered while entering, shoes have to be deposited near the entrances and feet are washed in warm water before entering. It also has a ‘Yatri Niwas’ or House for tourists. The Paath and Shabads (the sacred chants) that go almost for 24 hours connects you directly to the divine power.
How to reach Delhi
By Air:- Delhi is well connected with domestic and international flights, to all the major cities within and outside India. Almost all the major airlines have their flights operating from Indira Gandhi International Airport at New Delhi. Domestic Airport connects Delhi to the major cities in India.
By Train:- The railway network connects Delhi to the all major and, nearly, all the minor destinations in India. The three important railway stations of Delhi are New Delhi Railway Station, Old Delhi Railway Station and Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station.
By Road:- Delhi is well connected, by a network of roads and national highways, with all the major cities in India. The three major bus stands in Delhi are Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT) at Kashmiri Gate, Sarai Kale-Khan Bus Terminus and Anand Vihar Bus Terminus. Both the government and private transport providers provide frequent bus services. One can also get government as well as private taxis here.